Cubism, an influential early 20th-century art movement pioneered by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque, revolutionized artistic representation. Emerging around 1907, Cubism shattered traditional perspectives by depicting subjects as geometric shapes, emphasizing fragmented forms, and multiple viewpoints simultaneously. Artists analyzed objects and figures into basic geometric elements, often presenting them from multiple angles on the same canvas. This avant-garde approach challenged conventional artistic norms, fostering a new visual language. Cubism paved the way for abstraction and influenced diverse art forms, including sculpture and architecture. Its impact on modern art remains profound, embodying a radical departure from realistic depiction and reshaping the course of artistic innovation.