Dante Gabriel Rossetti - The Pre-Raphaelite Pioneer
Exploring the Artistry and Life of Dante Gabriel Rossetti The Pre-Raphaelite Pioneer
Dante Gabriel Rossetti, commonly known as Dante Gabriel Rossetti, co-founded the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood in 1848, a movement that sought to revive the authenticity and sincerity of medieval art. The Brotherhood challenged the prevailing norms of the time, advocating for a return to detailed and vivid styles that predated the High Renaissance.
A Palette of Poetry and Paint
Rossetti was a multifaceted artist, excelling not only in painting but also in poetry. His artistic portfolio boasts a rich collection of paintings that mirror his poetic sensibilities.
Proserpina or Proserpine is an ancient Roman goddess whose iconography, functions and myths are virtually identical to those of Greek Persephone.
Persephone (also known as Kore or Proserpine) is best-known as the goddess of spring. One of mythology's most popular characters, her father was Zeus, god of the sky and thunder, while her mother was Demeter, goddess of agriculture and the harvest.
"The Day Dream"
was undertaken in 1880 and depicts Jane Morris in a seated position on the bough of a sycamore tree. In her hand is a small stem of honeysuckle – a token of love in the Victorian era – that may be an indication of the secret affair the artist was immersed in with her at the time.
Rossetti was also a poet and penned sonnets to accompany several of his paintings; the last composition in his series entitled Sonnets for Pictures is associated with this painting:
The thronged boughs of the shadowy sycamore
Still bear young leaflets half the summer through;
From when the robin 'gainst the unhidden blue
Perched dark, till now, deep in the leafy core,
The embowered throstle's urgent wood-notes soar
Through summer silence. Still the leaves come new;
Yet never rosy-sheathed as those which drew
Their spiral tongues from spring-buds heretofore.
Within the branching shade of Reverie
Dreams even may spring till autumn; yet none be
Like woman's budding day-dream spirit-fann'd.
Lo! tow'rd deep skies, not deeper than her look,
She dreams; till now on her forgotten book
Drops the forgotten blossom from her hand.
an oil painting by Dante Gabriel Rossetti first painted in 1866–1868 using his mistress Fanny Cornforth as the model, then altered in 1872–73 to show the face of Alexa Wilding. The subject is Lilith, who was, according to ancient Judaic myth, "the first wife of Adam" and is associated with the seduction of men and the murder of children. She is shown as a "powerful and evil temptress" and as "an iconic, Amazon-like female with long, flowing hair."
In tandem with his visual art, Rossetti crafted verses that echoed the same romantic and introspective themes. His literary works, including "Sir Hugh the Heron: A Legendary Tale in Four Parts" and the poetry collection "Poems" published in 1869, provide a poetic counterpart to his visual expressions.
Love, Loss, and Elizabeth Siddal
Central to Rossetti's narrative is his relationship with Elizabeth Siddal. The tale of their love and loss adds a poignant layer to his artistic legacy.
Siddal as Muse and Love:
Became the subject of Rossetti's paintings
Love of his life
Their marriage in 1860 was tragically short-lived, ending with Siddal's untimely death in 1862. The emotional turmoil that followed deeply influenced Rossetti's later works.
The Rossetti Siblings and Artistic Kinship
Dante Gabriel Rossetti was part of a remarkable and talented family. His sister, Christina Rossetti, gained acclaim as a poet, forming a unique synergy of poetry and art within the Rossetti household.
Christina Rossetti's role in the artistic landscape
The family's shared appreciation for the arts created an environment that nurtured the creative spirit, contributing to the profound impact the Rossetti name had on the cultural landscape of the 19th century.
Beyond the Canvas: Exploring Rossetti's Life
Beyond his artistic endeavors, Rossetti's life is a tapestry woven with threads of controversy, passion, and introspection. His role as a founding member of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood positioned him as both an artistic visionary and a provocative nonconformist.
The 1850s Turning Point:
Introduction of Elizabeth Siddal into the Pre-Raphaelite circle
This period shaped Rossetti's personal and professional trajectory.
Legacy and Influence
Dante Gabriel Rossetti's legacy extends far beyond the confines of his era. His influence on the Pre-Raphaelite movement and the broader art world remains palpable.
Evolution of religious subject matter
His commitment to authenticity, coupled with a flair for the dramatic, continues to resonate with art enthusiasts and scholars alike.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)Q: What is the significance of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood in Rossetti's work?
A: The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood, founded by Rossetti, aimed to revive medieval art's authenticity, influencing his detailed and vivid artistic style.
Q: How did Elizabeth Siddal influence Rossetti's art?
A: Elizabeth Siddal, Rossetti's muse and wife, served as a prominent subject in his paintings, and her untimely death profoundly impacted the emotional tone of his later works.
Q: Did Rossetti collaborate creatively with his sister, Christina Rossetti?
A: Yes, Christina Rossetti, a renowned poet, collaborated creatively with her brother, forming a unique synergy of poetry and art within the Rossetti household.
Q: What is the turning point in Rossetti's life during the 1850s?
A: The introduction of Elizabeth Siddal into the Pre-Raphaelite circle marked a turning point in Rossetti's life, influencing both his personal and professional trajectory.
Q: How does Rossetti's legacy continue to influence contemporary art?
A: Rossetti's commitment to authenticity and his dramatic flair continue to resonate in contemporary art, with his works displayed globally and accessible through GalleryThane.com for sale as prints and canvas panels.